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About South Dakota

South Dakota, also known as the Mount Rushmore State, is based on the Sioux Indian word dakhota meaning "friend". The state is referred to as the land of infinite variety, ranging from the weather, scenery, economy to the state symbols. South Dakota is famous for the Black Hills, which are low pine-covered mountains located in the southwest part of the state. The famous tourist attraction Mount Rushmore was established in 1925 made up of four US Presidents, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and Theodore Roosevelt.

The state can be divided into three regions:

  • Eastern South Dakota
  • Western South Dakota
  • Black Hills

South Dakota is made up of sprawling prairies, primarily in the central part of the state, farmland, lakes and mountains along the west. The Missouri River flows through the central and southeastern part, dividing it into two geographically and socially distinct halves. The two sides are known as the East River and the West River. The major population centers makes up the east side, and the west is mostly made up of ranching and agriculture.

The state has two well known National Parks in Wind Cave National Park and the Badlands National Park. The brightly colored landscape, surrounded by grasslands make up these beautiful parks. Some of the major South Dakota rivers include the Cheyenne, James, Big Sioux, and White Rivers. The eastern part of the state boasts natural lakes, mostly created by periods of glaciation.

Agriculture is very important to the state’s economy, especially in the rural areas. The most important ones are cattle, corn, soybeans, wheat and hogs. Meat-packing and ethanol production has also made a big impact on the economy as it ranks sixth among the leaders of producing ethanol.


Facts about South Dakota:

  • State Capitol: Pierre
  • Area: 77,123 square miles
  • Population: 853,175
  • Major Industries: Agriculture - sunflowers, rye, honey, soybeans, corn, wheat, hogs, and cattle.
  • Statehood: 1889
  • State Animal: Coyote

South Dakota provides residents and visitors alike with unlimited opportunity. Purchase your piece of South Dakota farms and land for sale today from the experts at Hayden Outdoors.